Davis's Political Prisoners
By Gloria Killian, AlterNet
August 20, 2003
An abused woman who has served
16 years in prison for defending herself has a second chance to go
home at last. One year ago, Gov. Davis ignored the suggestions of
the sentencing judge, the victim's family, domestic violence experts
and various state legislators by reversing his own Board of Prison
Terms' (BPT) decision to parole Flozelle Woodmore.
In April of this year, the BPT
again recommended that she be released. Davis has until mid-September
to decide. If he reverses the BPT's decision a second year in a row,
taxpayers will be forced to shoulder the burden of the $30,000 it
costs to keep a woman in prison another year. Woodmore will remain
separated from her children and family and have to endure another
BPT hearing a year from now. And California voters who care about
justice and fairness will have one more reason to vote yes on Governor
The politicization of the parole
process in California has effectively eliminated any chance for battered
women or other deserving prisoners to win their freedom. Parole decisions
are made by the BPT, whose members are appointed by the governor;
however, the governor has the final approval of all parole grants
for persons serving life sentences. Immediately following his election
five years ago, Governor Davis stated that no prisoner who had killed
someone would be paroled during his term unless they did so "in a
To date, the governor has largely
fulfilled that promise, approving the parole grants of only six people,
three of whom were battered women.
Flozelle Woodmore was incarcerated
in 1987 for shooting her boyfriend, who had burned, bruised and beaten
her since she was 13 years old. At the time of her second-degree murder
conviction, she was 18 years old and pregnant with her second child.
A first-time offender, Woodmore, now 35, is serving a life sentence
for killing her batterer. The parole board believed that "battering
and its effects" were a factor at the time Flozelle killed her abuser.
The board commended Woodmore for earning her GED, completing dozens
of educational and vocational programs and maintaining a spotless
disciplinary record during much of her incarceration.
Currently, in the California prison
system, approximately 600 women are incarcerated serving either life
or long-term sentences for killing their abusive partners. Many of
these women, like Woodmore, were convicted prior to 1992 when California
law did not permit evidence of battering or abuse to be presented
during a woman's defense.
This has made it very difficult
for them to prove their claims of domestic abuse when they face the
BPT at their parole hearings. Battered women who were convicted after
1992 were able to present evidence of abuse in varying degrees; however,
they have had equal difficulty in obtaining freedom due to the governor's
stance on parole. Changes in the law and the regulations governing
decisions of the BPT have been implemented by the Legislature in an
effort to obtain justice for the victims of domestic violence, yet
Governor Davis and his appointees on the BPT have effectively blocked
release for these women. Moreover, even in those cases where the BPT
has done an investigation that substantiates a woman's claim of abuse
and violence, Governor Davis continues to override the BPT and reverse
their parole grants.
According to Christina Wilson,
of the California Coalition for Women Prisoners, "Voters want a governor
who recognizes that denial of parole for women prisoners is not the
key to public safety. Denying parole for women who pose no threat
destroys families and makes a mockery of our justice system."
Ironically, Governor Davis has
no hesitation in publicly declaring his support for the victims of
domestic violence as evidenced by his visit to a battered women's
shelter in San Francisco last week.
In California, the community of
battered women's advocates have relied upon strong public support
to win release of incarcerated battered women. Publicity on this topic
usually results in substantial interest and concern, but it appears
that Gray Davis is out of step with most Californians on this issue.
One has to wonder why. It is the contention of prisoners' advocates
that Gray Davis is pandering to the most powerful lobby in the state:
the prison union.
Juliette Lett, one of Flozelle
Woodmore's sisters, hopes that this time Davis will abide by the decision
of his parole board. "When Davis reversed her parole last year, all
our friends and relatives were shocked and devastated," she said.
"I pray that this time he lets my baby sister come home."
Gloria Killian was released from
prison in August 2002 after serving 16 years on a sentence of 32 years
to life. In March 2002 the court overturned her conviction. She currently
serves as the chairperson for the Action Committee for Women in Prison.
Killian will be the subject of a "48 Hours" segment on Sept. 13, 8pm